This report covers the findings and recommendations of the Belgian National Baseline Assessment (NBA) on Business and Human Rights. The NBA charts the progress made by Belgian authorities and companies since the launch of Belgium’s first National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights, in June 2017. The research was commissioned by the Belgian Federal Institute for Sustainable Development (FIDO/IFDD), and was executed by a consortium of the research institutes HIVA-KU Leuven, and the Law and Development Research Group (University of Antwerp). IPIS Research supported the team in the topics of conflict zones and arms trade. The report draws on a comprehensive data collection and review process covering the 31 UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs).